What is a bone graft?
A bone graft is commonly performed to increase the bone volume and density of your jaw bone.
The most common form of bone graft is performed immediately after a tooth extraction. At the time of the extraction, a bone graft is performed to preserve the extraction socket and prepare it for a future implant placement. This procedure is also commonly referred to as a socket or site preservation.
A dental implant can usually be surgically placed into the socket after 3 months of the bone graft or site preservation procedure.
A bone graft is strongly recommended after an extraction in order to prepare the site for dental implant placement. Without a bone graft procedure at the time of tooth extraction, it may be necessary to wait up to two years for your bone to naturally regenerate on its own in order to be suitable for a dental implant.
Another form of bone graft procedure is performed at the time of implant placement. Following the placement of your dental implant, your provider may find it necessary to support the implant with an additional bone graft procedure. This generally will increase the chances of success of the newly placed dental implant.
Where does the bone material come from?
In most cases, the bone graft is an allograft, also referred to as cadaver bone. Occasionally, synthetic bone, pig or cow bone may be used for your bone graft procedure.
A more advanced bone graft procedure may be necessary if you have developed severe resorption of your jaw bone. A specialist referral may be necessary to increase the bone volume and density of the jaw bone in order to prepare it for dental implant placement. In some cases, the specialist may recommend taking bone from another part of your body in order to transfer it to your jaw bone.
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